Disposing of Construction Waste (the Smart Way)

As a homeowner, it is important to understand the importance of disposing of construction waste in an environmentally-friendly manner. With the right knowledge, disposing of construction waste can be easy and cost-effective. In this blog post, I’ll explain how to dispose of construction waste in a smart way.

Construction waste can be managed in a sustainable way. There are several options for disposing of construction waste, such as:

  • Recycling materials
  • Donating materials to local charities and organizations
  • Using waste-to-energy systems
  • Composting organic materials
  • Landfilling non-recyclable materials (least desirable option)
An audible narration ▶♫🎧 is available for this article. Listen to our podcast below, it's FREE:
Audible Narration

What is Construction Waste?

Construction waste is any material that is generated during the construction of a building or structure. This includes materials such as wood, metal, concrete, plastic, asphalt, and other debris.

Construction waste can be hazardous and can have a negative impact on the environment if not disposed of properly. It is important to properly manage construction waste in order to reduce its environmental impact.

Types of Construction Waste

Construction waste can be divided into two main categories: hazardous and non-hazardous. Hazardous waste includes materials such as asbestos, lead-based paint, solvents, and other toxic substances. Non-hazardous waste includes materials such as wood, metal, concrete, plastic, asphalt, and other debris.

The Benefits of Properly Disposing of Construction Waste

Properly disposing of construction waste can:

  • Help to reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills
  • Help to reduce air and water pollution caused by improper disposal methods
  • Help to conserve natural resources by reusing materials instead of disposing of them (when possible).
  • Can also help to save money. By reusing materials instead of buying new ones or disposing of them in landfills, you can save on the cost of purchasing new materials and on landfill disposal fees.

Smart Ways to Dispose of Construction Waste

Here are the best ways to dispose of construction waste, ordered from the best to the worst option!

1. Recycle Materials

Recycling construction materials is one of the most effective ways to reduce the environmental impact of construction waste. Reusing materials can reduce waste and save energy and resources.

Various materials can be recycled where markets exist. The EPA’s Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: Fact Sheet estimates that Construction & Demolition (C&D) material generation in the USA was about 600 million tons in 2018, including materials such as:

C&D Materials disposed of in the USA in 2018

Disposed of C&D Materials% of Total
Asphalt Concrete & Shingles20.3%
Brick / Block / Masonry / Drywall / Plasters4.5%
Wood / Lumber / Pallets6.8%
Disposed of Construction & Demolition waste materials in the US in 2018

As you can see, concrete was by far the largest contributor to construction waste. For this reason, it is important to consider sustainable concrete options when starting new construction works.

Finally, other recyclable materials that may result from construction works include:

  • Paper / Cardboard / Foam Packaging
  • Aluminum
  • Glass
  • Plastics

Can Asphalt Waste Materials be recycled?

Yes, asphalt waste materials can be recycled. This process involves crushing and reusing the material in new applications. The main benefits of recycling asphalt are:

  • Reduced landfill space needed for disposal
  • Reduced energy consumption
  • Lower production costs
  • Reduced environmental impact

2. Donate Materials

Donating construction materials to charitable organizations is another way to reduce construction waste.

Many charities, like Habitat, accept donations of used building materials such as wood, metal, and concrete for reuse in their projects. Before donating any material, make sure that it is still in good condition and that it meets the requirements for reuse.

Find a Habitat ReStore charity facility accepting construction waste near me in the US:

This will allow reusing your construction waste for a good cause instead of disposing of it in a landfill and paying their disposal fees.

3. Waste-to-Energy Systems

Waste-to-energy systems are becoming increasingly popular as a way to dispose of construction waste.

These systems use thermal or biological processes to convert organic material into energy. This energy can then be used for heating buildings or generating electricity.

If you want to learn the pros and cons of biomass energy, I have a dedicated article on the topic.

4. Composting Organic Materials

Organic materials such as wood chips and sawdust can be composted instead of being sent to a landfill.

Composting organic material helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve soil health. It also helps to conserve resources by reusing organic material instead of discarding it.

In addition, compost is a great fertilizer, so by composting your wood construction waste you can help reduce our reliance on chemical fertilizers, helping to improve the quality of our food.

5. Landfilling Non-Recyclable Materials

Non-recyclable materials such as certain types of plastics must be disposed of in landfills. Landfills are designed to contain these types of materials safely without causing harm to the environment.

However, it is important to make sure that landfills are properly managed in order to minimize their environmental impacts.

The other drawback of this construction waste disposal option is that you will also have to pay landfill disposal fees.

Those fees can be different in different areas of the US, so, you are advised to check your local County.

On average, landfill disposal fees for construction waste in 2023 can be about 25$ per cubic yard + other additional fees.

Tips for Effective Construction Waste Management

If you have or work for a construction company, construction waste management is an important aspect of the company’s environmental responsibility duties. So, let’s have a quick overview of how to do this correctly!

1. Develop a Waste Management Plan

Developing a waste management plan is the first step in ensuring the effective and efficient disposal of construction waste.

A well-developed plan should include an assessment of the types of materials and waste generated, a plan for how to reduce, reuse, and recycle materials, and a plan for how to safely dispose of any remaining waste. Additionally, the plan should include an assessment of the potential environmental impacts of the chosen waste management practices.

It is important to involve all stakeholders in the development of the plan. This includes contractors, engineers, architects, local officials, and members of the community. By involving all stakeholders in the process, it is possible to ensure that the plan reflects the needs and goals of all involved. Additionally, this can help to ensure that any potential environmental impacts are taken into consideration.

2. Reduce Construction Waste at the Source

Reducing construction waste at the source is one of the most effective ways to manage construction waste. This can be done by using fewer materials on site and by reusing materials when possible.

For example, instead of purchasing new materials for a project, consider using recycled materials or salvaged materials from other projects. Additionally, consider using renewable materials such as bamboo or sustainable wood.

Source reduction can also be achieved through careful planning and design. For example, consider designing buildings that require fewer materials or that can be easily dismantled and reused. Additionally, consider using renewable energy sources such as solar power (which by the way also increases home valuation) or wind power to reduce energy consumption.

3. Reuse and Recycle Materials Where Possible

Reusing and recycling materials is another important way to reduce construction waste. Reusing materials helps to reduce the amount of waste generated while also saving energy and resources. Various materials can be recycled where markets exist, such as metals, plastics, concrete, drywall, asphalt shingles, glass, wood, and cardboard.

When recycling materials, it is important to check with your local recycling center about their compliance with state and local regulations. Additionally, it is important to ask questions about how the recyclables will be processed to ensure that they are being recycled in an environmentally responsible manner.

4. Hire a Professional Waste Management Company

Hiring a professional waste management company is another way to ensure that construction waste is disposed of properly.

Professional companies have experience in handling a variety of different types of waste and can provide advice on how best to dispose of it. They can also provide information on local regulations and requirements for disposing of construction waste.

Additionally, professional companies can provide advice on how to reduce construction waste at the source by providing efficient recycling solutions and helping to identify opportunities for reuse or donation of materials.

By working with a professional company, it is possible to ensure that construction waste is disposed of safely and responsibly.


What are the five correct ways to dispose of waste?

Proper waste disposal is essential for protecting the environment and keeping our communities clean. The five Rs of waste disposal are the best way to ensure that we are disposing of our waste responsibly. The five Rs are: Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, and Recycle.

  • Refuse: Avoid buying products with excessive packaging or those that are not recyclable.
  • Reduce: Purchase items with minimal packaging and only buy what you need.
  • Reuse: Use reusable containers and bags instead of single-use items.
  • Repurpose: Find new uses for old items instead of throwing them away.
  • Recycle: Separate your recyclable items from your non-recyclable waste and make sure they get recycled.

What type of waste is produced during construction?

Construction waste is generally made up of materials such as wood, steel, concrete, gypsum, masonry, plaster, metal, and asphalt that are generated during the construction, renovation, repair and demolition of roads, bridges, buildings, and any other infrastructure.

What are five strategies for handling waste effectively?

The 5 Rs of waste management offer effective strategies to handle waste properly. They are:

  • Reduce: Cut down on the amount of waste you produce by using reusable items.
  • Reuse: Find ways to reuse items instead of throwing them away.
  • Recycle: Sort your waste into recyclable and non-recyclable materials, and recycle what you can.
  • Recover: Recover energy from waste by turning it into fuel or compost.
  • Residual Management: Dispose of the residual waste that cannot be recycled or recovered in an environmentally responsible manner.

What are the three correct methods of disposing waste?

The 3 Rs (part of the 6R’s of sustainability) of proper waste disposal are Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Reduce the amount of waste you create by using reusable items and avoiding single-use items. Reuse items whenever possible to extend their life and decrease the need for new items. Finally, recycle whatever you can to keep materials out of landfills.

This is a simplified version of the 5Rs of waste management framework.


Disposing of construction waste is an important part of any project. With the right approach, you can ensure that your construction waste is disposed of in a responsible and environmentally friendly way. By taking the time to do more research on the best options for disposing of construction waste, you can save money and help protect the environment. I hope that this summary helped you!

Thanks to the tips above, disposing of construction waste is done in a smart and efficient way improving environmental sustainability. This will not only help you save money but also ensure that your construction project is completed in an eco-friendly manner. With the right approach, you can make sure that your construction waste is disposed of responsibly and in an environmentally friendly way.